Glossary

Test

Educational Terms

 
Interprofessional education: 
occurs when members (or students) of two or more health and/or social care professions engage in learning with, from and about each other to improve collaboration and the delivery of care.

Multiprofessional education:
occurs when members (or students) of two or more professions learn alongside one another; in other words, parallel rather than interactive learning.

Uniprofessional education: 
occurs when education is undertaken by individuals within the same profession.

Professional education:
is the sum total of uniprofessional, multiprofessional and interprofessional education.

Interdisciplinary education:
occurs when learners from different disciplines (e.g. chemistry, bio-engineering, geography, social science) engage in collaborative interactive learning for a range of purposes (e.g. to understand complex interdisciplinary issues, to explore different disciplinary roles and contributions).

Multidisciplinary education: 
occurs when learners from two or more disciplines learn alongside one another; in other words, parallel rather than interactive learning.

Unidisciplinary education:
occurs when education is undertaken by individuals within the same discipline.

Disciplinary education: 
is the sum total of unidisciplinary, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary education. 

Assessment:
is focused on understanding the learning that occurs by individuals or groups (e.g. examining how learners’ knowledge and skills of collaboration have improved).

Evaluation:
is focused on understanding the effects of a program (e.g. studying the impact of an IPE course on diabetes care and delivery of services to patients).

 

Practice Terms

 
Collaboration: 
is an active and ongoing partnership, often between people from diverse backgrounds, who work together to solve problems or provide services.

Interdisciplinary teamwork: 
relates to the collaborative efforts undertaken by individuals from different disciplines such as psychology, anthropology, economics, geography, political science and computer science.

Interprofessional collaboration: 
is a type of interprofessional work that involves different health and social care professions who regularly come together to solve problems or provide services.

Interprofessional coordination: 
is a type of work that is similar to interprofessional collaboration, as it involves different health and social care professions. It differs as it is a ‘looser’ form of working arrangement whereby interprofessional communication and discussion may be less frequent in nature.

Interprofessional networking:
describes an activity that involves a loosely organized group of individuals from different health and social care professions who meet and work together on a periodic basis.

Interprofessional teamwork: 
is a type of work which involves different health and/or social professions who share a team identity and work closely together in an integrated and interdependent manner to solve problems and deliver services.

 

Adapted from:

Reeves S, Lewin S, Espin S, Zwarenstein M (2010) Interprofessional Teamwork for Health and Social Care. Blackwell-Wiley, London.
Barr H, Koppel I, Reeves S, Hammick M, Freeth D (2005) Effective Interprofessional Education: Assumption, Argument and Evidence. Blackwell, London.